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Central American countries do not recognize same-sex couples, though some have limited antidiscrimination protections. Support for same-sex marriage also remains low in the Caribbean, at just 16 percent in Jamaica and 23 percent in the Dominican Republic. Chile allows same-sex civil unions. The governments of Bolivia, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Paraguay have enacted constitutional bans on same-sex marriage.
Cuba, where homosexuality was once punished by internment in forced-labor camps , has changed markedly in recent years; the National Assembly passed an antidiscrimination law in Same-sex unions, however, are still not recognized.
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New Zealand and Australia are the only Pacific Rim countries in which same-sex marriage is legal. Same-sex marriage became legal in Taiwan in May , as the legislature implemented a ruling the top court issued two years earlier. Voters had voiced their opposition to the ruling in a advisory referendum. A district in Tokyo began recognizing same-sex unions in ; ILGA found a year later that only 33 percent of Japanese supported same-sex marriage.
Lawmakers in Thailand and Vietnam have considered bills to legalize same-sex marriage or civil partnerships. Just 31 percent of people in China, 30 percent in Malaysia, and 14 percent in Indonesia say same-sex marriage should be legal, according to ILGA. Same-sex relations between men are banned in parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar , and Singapore , and in Brunei they are punishable by death.
Rights groups have reported increased threats and violence against the LGBT community in Indonesia since , including discriminatory comments by several public officials. In late India lifted a colonial-era ban on gay sex. Nepal has enacted some protections against discrimination based on sexual orientation, and in a government-appointed panel recommended that lawmakers legalize same-sex marriage.
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Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan allow people to register as a third gender in official documents. There is little information on public attitudes toward homosexuality in South and Central Asia.
ILGA found 35 percent of Indians and 30 percent of Pakistanis in thought same-sex marriage should be legal. Support in Kazakhstan stood at 12 percent.
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Same-sex relations are illegal in much of the region and are punishable by death in Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. In , Lebanese courts set a potential precedent for decriminalization. Israel recognizes same-sex marriages performed in other countries, and same-sex couples enjoy civil benefits, including residency permits for the partners of Israeli citizens. Israel stands apart from its neighbors in public attitudes toward same-sex couples: according to the ILGA survey [PDF], 49 percent of Israelis said same-sex marriage should be legal, compared to 19 percent of respondents in the United Arab Emirates, 16 percent in Egypt, and 14 percent in both Jordan and Morocco.
South Africa is the only sub-Saharan African country where same-sex couples can marry. Same-sex relations are illegal on much of the continent and are punishable by death [PDF] in Mauritania and Sudan, as well as in parts of Nigeria and Somalia. Polling by Afrobarometer in found that 78 percent of Africans across thirty-three countries were intolerant of homosexuality. However, there have been recent advances: Afrobarometer found that majorities in three countries in addition to South Africa—Cape Verde, Mozambique, and Namibia—are tolerant of homosexuality.
A number of Coalition members have indicated however that they would support marriage equality if the party room determines a conscience vote is available.
Life, Marriage and Family Office > Marriage > Marriage and Same Sex Unions
The Australian Greens have consistently supported same-sex marriage and have sought to legislate in support of their position in both the 42nd and 43rd Parliaments. Attention to the issue of same-sex marriage in Australia often follows developments overseas. A growing number of countries allow same-sex marriage currently 16 with New Zealand, parts of the United Kingdom and France most recently joining the ranks.
There is an argument that the Hague Marriage Convention requires signatory countries Australia is one to recognise overseas same-sex marriages. The Bill was a specific response to the changes in New Zealand and would have allowed Australian same-sex couples planning to marry in New Zealand to have their marriage recognised on return to Australia. There have also been significant developments in the United States where the Supreme Court recently gave two decisions which have had an impact on same-sex marriage.
According to civil rights lawyer, Father Frank Brennan these decisions will have an impact beyond the United States. Introducing same-sex marriage at a state and territory level has been seen as a fall-back position for marriage equality advocates. State same-sex marriage laws raise the question of whether state parliaments have the power to pass such laws.
According to constitutional lawyer, Anne Twomey , the short answer is yes; the more difficult question is whether that law will be effective or whether it will be inoperative because it is inconsistent with a Commonwealth law, namely the Marriage Act. Twomey argues that the answer to this question is unclear and unknowable until the High Court decides.
Furthermore, she argues that even if operative, a state marriage law would do little more than facilitate the holding of a ceremony.