The error analysis of observational evidence supporting relativistic light deflection is discussed in a paper by P. In particular, H. Duerbeck and P. Flin - in their description of the life and work of Silberstein, who was quite sceptic on the significance of the observational verifications a la Eddington - include the transcription of two most revealing letters by Silberstein to Sommerfeld and to Einstein In the first letter, Silberstein clearly shows his scientific maturity and integrity by scrutinising the observational evidence supporting light deflection, presented at a joint meeting of the Royal Society and the Royal Astronomical Society.
The second letter, which is more a personal letter, includes lots of political references and connotations. Some of Einstein's political views are also revealed by D. Herrmann on the basis of his own correspondence with E. Straus, a collaborator of Einstein's.
In a consequent paper, S. Grundmann gives remarks on Herrmann's contribution and illustrates Einstein's attitude towards Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin. Schemmel discusses Schwarzschild's cosmological speculations, and wonders why some people do immediately grasp the meaning and consequence of newly proposed doctrines, whereas the bulk of the contemporaneous scientists respond in a rather low profile.
Jung reviews Einstein's contribution to cosmology, leading to the Friedmann-Einstein and Einstein-de Sitter universes with a detailed Appendix on the Friedmann-Lemaitre cosmology , and also presents the cosmological work of Selety, and his correspondence with Einstein. In a subsequent paper, H. Schmidt comments on Einstein's criticism on de Sitter's solution of the Einstein field equations. Controversies with Einstein are elaborated by G.
Singer on Friedmann and by K.
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Roessler on Lemaitre. Renn and T. Sauer discuss Mandl's role in the publication history of Einstein's papers, notably Einstein's short paper on gravitational lensing. Finally, the book concludes with a contribution by D. Herrmann about the relationship between Einstein and Archenhold Observatory where Einstein gave his first Berlin popular lecture in , the transcription of H. Treder's public address at the Einstein memorial plaque, and an inventory list of about 50 Einstein memorabilia - monuments, busts, plaques - compiled by W.
This book is based on ideas approached in a historical context from the individual perspective of the authors. It is a real treasure trove of information and basic references on the history of GR, and it also covers quite some grounds with mathematical equations.
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The hydrogeochemistry of the Cretaceous Emscher Fm. Beneath a weathered zone, unweathered rocks containing pyrite were found. Groundwater data from the Emscher Fm. The spatial distribution depends on the presence of Quaternary cover sediments. The main mobilization mechanism of both contaminants appears to be pH-triggered desorption from mineral surfaces. Wer kann, darf und soll bleiben? Die Ergebnisse sind hinsichtlich der Entwicklung von Probennahmestrategien von Bedeutung.
Investigation of sites with groundwater contamination usually involves interpolation of point-based results across the aquifer under consideration. The range of autocorrelation thereby decides whether the quality of interpolation will be sufficient. While there are investigations on the regional km scale, only a few publications exist for correlation lengths at a local 10s to s of m scale. This study investigates the accuracy of interpolation at the example of the BTEX-contaminated aquifer in Zeitz by means of variogram analysis and interpretation of. Urbanisation processes increase land-use conflicts and ecosystem destruction globally.
Especially in China, a country with an outstanding urbanization rate, city governments are challenged by environmental and health problems. Urban green spaces - subsequently defined as urban biodiversity and ecosystem services - can minimize numerous environmental risks and at the same time contribute to the citizens' well-being and quality of life. In this highly relevant field of nature conservation, geographical perspectives are required - in science, politics, policy, planning and practice.
Der Rohingya - Konflikt:. Genese, aktuelle Situation und geopolitische Aspekte. The Rohingya in Myanmar are often described as the most persecuted minority in the world. In the former Burma, the Rohingya are considered illegal immigrants and have been denied citizenship for decades. Since the end of August , more than , Rohingya from Rakhine State have fled to neighboring Bangladesh. While the public usually discusses the ethnic-religious and humanitarian causes and effects of the conflict, the political, economic and geopolitical interests of directly and indirectly involved actors also play a role.
The contribution at hand argues that migration, especially of refugees, has received growing recognition in public and academic debates in the past few years. It traces the reciprocal references to a highly dynamic research subject within migration scholarship, public discourse, and politics.
It thereby highlights the value and risks of a space-related perspective. In addition to an outline of established and newly emerging research fields within geographic migration research, the contribution opens the debate on practical implications of the addressed topical challenges within the field.
Physik gestern und heute: Visualisierung mit der Schlierenmethode. Cornularia cornucopiae is a colonial coral whose polyps arise singly from stolons. In contrast with other octocrallia C. Therefore, tissue preparation for electron microscopic investigations can be performed. The presence of a calyx such as the theca of hydroids, in which the polyps may be completely retracted, is conspicuous.
The calyx consists of three layers. The structure of the basal layer suggests massive collagen. The body wall is connected with the calyx by living desmocytes. The histology of the oral disc and the actinopharynx is identical. The ventral side of the polyps bears the siphonoglyph. Below the pharynx the inner edges of the mesenteries are free and form the mesenterial filaments. The two ventral mesenteries differ from the others; the one is long and exhibits a large and heavily flagellated filament, the other is short and lacks a filament. The muscular system is represented by gastrodermal circular fibres in the body wall and by radial and longitudinal fibres in the septa; a large septal retractor muscle is missing.
The sperm cells of Patella coerulea Patellacea , Monodonta turbinata, and Gibbula tumida Trochacea were investigated by means of transmission electron microscopy. Their head contains an apical acrosome and a roundish nucleus followed by 4 or 5 mitochondria and a centriolar apparatus which consists of two centrioles, one of which bears a flagellum.
The sperm cells of Monodonta and Gibbula are very similar to each other and differ mainly in size; Patella exhibits more differences very small acrosome, subacrosomal space, variable number of spherical mitochondria origin of spermic dimorphism? The development of the sperm cells shows no peculiarities.
Elastolysen und Hauterkrankungen mit Verlust der elastischen Fasern. Diese im Mittelalter neu erprobte Form basierte auf der Entdeckung des Blutkreislaufes durch William Harvey Examples for genetic engineering are the transfer of nuclei between cells of higher animals and the introduction of heterologous DNA into bacteria by means of plasmids. The former approach will help to establish new ways in animal breeding, the latter provides bacterial cells that produce proteins of medical importance.
The moral justification of related studies in man is still open, but the possible risks of gene technology can be coped with by adhering to proper safety regulations. Rede und Gesinnung Speech and Ways of Thinking. Analyzes some of the basic ideas in Georg Franklin's book "Versuch einer neuen Lehre von den vornehmsten Gegenstanden der deutschen Sprachlehre; nach den Regeln der Vernunftlehre in sechs Abhandlungen verfasst" and compares them to those of such modern linguists and philosophers a s Searle, Austin and Wunderlich.
Concludes that…. Provides the answers to common questions about the Uniform National Discharge Standards, including what they are, how discharges were evaluated, what vessels are covered by the regulations and how states have been involved. Migration und Flucht als Forschungsthemen der Geographie. Eine Standortbestimmung. It is argued that film and representation in general does not merely reflect a preceding reality; it also actively serves to construct it. It is shown how Scott's film privileges one particular perspective on an actual event and how this point of view is objectified and installed in the memory of Western media culture.
What potential implications does an increased blurring of fact and fiction in the representation of war have? What are the consequences for political and pedagogical practice? What role can cultural studies play in these processes?
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Common Market assistance. At most places there is now electricty and piped water. European Common Market. In Greenland the vote was 2. Six other aerospace companies also are maturing launch vehicle and spacecraft designs under CCDev2, including Alliant Techsystems Inc. For more information, visit www. Image credit: Space Exploration Technologies. For accurate planning of vertical borehole heat exchanger systems, knowledge of thermo-physical ground parameters is critical.
This study reports laboratory-measured thermal conductivity and diffusivity values of Mesozoic sandstones Lower and Middle Buntsandstein from four wells. The measurements were made on drill core using an optical scanning method. The mean thermal conductivities of the sandstones range between 2. The mean thermal diffusivity values range between 1. Thermal properties are closely related to the petrography and lithostratigraphy of the sandstones.
Additionally, three temperature correction methods were applied for the purpose of evaluating the comparative accuracy and the correction schemes with respect to local in-situ conditions. J Geophys Res, , are most suited for the respective sandstone data set. The 36 letters edited in this contribution touch on Emil O. Some complementing passages about background subjects are incorporated, viz. Emil O. Urban areas are a focus of increasing conflict with regard to water use and water protection. Many of these contaminants are related to human behaviour and activity, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products collectively PPCPs and endocrine-active substances, and are increasingly found in urban water systems.
However, the behaviour and the effects of these contaminants in the environment have been widely unknown until now. Consequently, it is important to pay more attention to such substances and to explore new integrated methodologies including flux calculations as well as chemical and biological investigations for determining the impact of human activities on urban water systems and on processes within the urban watershed. The overall goal is to assess the risks to humans and the ecosystem, and to support the development of suitable management strategies.
Critical Reviews in Mathematics Education. Materialien und Studien, Band 9. Four papers are presented which view research in mathematics education from different perspectives. Reviewed dataset that also includes post-reprocessed level1 and level2 data files from November to May refer to "Additional Information".
In doing so, they have not only departed from the Soviet-style education model, but also recognised that education constitutes a key issue in competition. Despite some economic problems, the education reforms in these countries have been regarded as part of a major effort at integrating themselves into the European sphere of knowledge. Many of the efforts and measures in education policy envisaged and carried out since the systemic change occurred have led not only to revitalizing national educational heritages, but also to the independent adoption of other European and international trends and topics in educational discourse.
Thereby, these states have proved to be considerably more innovative and flexible than the "older" members of the EU. The prospect of being taken up into the EU has probably helped accelerate the entire process. The present study focuses on some key overarching developments in the educational landscape of states in Central and Eastern Europe, even as it is apparent that these are proceeding along different paths at different speeds.
Comparison of hydraulic and chemical properties of sediments from flush- and core drillings in the area of Peine Germany. Because of financial constraints, investigations of nitrate metabolism are often based on disturbed borehole samples. It is arguable, however, whether disturbed samples are suitable for these types of investigations. Disadvantages of disturbed samples in comparison to undisturbed core samples are well known and include possible contamination of the sample by mud additives, destruction of the sediment formation and the insecurity concerning the correct depth allocation.
In this study, boreholes were drilled at three locations to a maximum depth of 50 m. The extracted samples, as intact sediment cores and drill cuttings, were studied with regard to chemical and hydraulic parameters of the aquifer sediments. The results show: 1. At the beginning of the 18th century U. Junius tried unsuccessfully to collect and publish the most important manuscripts of Johannes Kepler.
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Hansch pursued this plan until the end of his life. The result was only one volume with unpublished letters which appeared in Sozialindex und gewichtenregeling. In Germany and the Netherlands spatial information about the social structure of the inhabitants is used for the coordination of financial and human resources in the local school-system.
The aim is to reduce educational inequalities by taking the social context of the schools into account. The article explains two approaches. In North Rhine-Westphalia Germany a so called Sozialindex is used to distribute additional teachers to municipalities with difficult social surroundings. The Dutch government uses an instrument to give each pupil a weight gewichtenregeling depending on the specific educational background. Combined with an evaluation of the school location an additional budget, if necessary, will be payed. Propeller-tip geometries as well as the radial This construct.
Video im Anfaengerunterricht. Describes the production, at the Goethe Institute in Osaka, of video programs for teaching beginners in German. Learning goals, actualization, sample topics and variation scenes are presented; the teaching process in ten points is discussed, theoretically and on the basis of experience. School foreign language texts should use dialogs oriented to likely actual needs of the learners. Learning goals in schools, unlike those of language courses for adults, should include social competence and personality building.
The following are discussed: course content, methodology, and the use of media for developing speaking and receptive…. It has been common practice for decades, especially since the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted in Rio , to protect certain marine areas, and the possibilities and scope of such marine protection measures have been widely discussed.
The Helsinki and Oslo-Paris Conventions for the protection of the marine environment, which are relevant for Germany, provide a framework for the establishment of marine protected areas. More protected areas are being added to the system. Information on the current status of both marine environmental protection systems is provided in this paper.
Developments and consequences of school profiling in general-education schools in selected European countries and perspectives for implementation in Germany - The development of a school programme, e. This paper focuses on the background and the significance of this development in school politics but also on the potential and the challenges which come with the profile formation of schools on an individual as well as systemic basis. Furthermore, the author introduces and discusses examples for the profile formation of schools and classes by looking at concrete projects.
After that, recommendations are given for school programme work in individual schools. The focus is especially on German-speaking countries such as Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Soziale Welten von Schulern und Schulerinnen. Provides a survey on projects, authors, topics, and methods in recent ethnographic studies carried out in Germany and elsewhere.
Describes embedding scientific student ethnography into a field of discourse. Concludes with a prognosis relating to the future perspectives of this segment of educational research. If these are eliminated, which is relatively simple over a water surface, the differences between calculated and measured The relative variation of the divergence with height is somewhat greater over water than over land, due to the different temperature profiles.
Discusses the extent to which five popular English teaching texts distinguish between active and passive vocabulary in learning English, and pleads offering concrete suggestions for more attention to the vocabulary aspect in constructing teaching textbooks for junior high schools. Towards Automatic Threat Recognition. York: Bantam. Content and Language Integrated Learning by Interaction. Fremdsprachendidaktik inhalts- und lernerorientiert. Volume Content and Language Integrated Learning CLIL is an established approach to support multilingualism in Europe by teaching various school subjects in an additional language.
The practices used, however, vary considerably. Our book considers this diversity by looking at CLIL scenarios, defined as learning environments supporting content learning,…. Initiation as a basic property of behavioral activity is functionally analyzed and discussed at the level of voluntary behavior. Fixed action patterns often are not released by stimuli but are generated by the animal itself through brain processes of the Darwinian type.
Initiation improves the chance of survival. It is a prerequisite of goal-oriented behavior, an essential constituent of operant conditioning and presumably the first step in the evolution of thought. According to I. Kant a person is free if, by following his own directive, he does what has to be done. This definition meets the two central criteria of initiation: the independence of releasing stimuli and the adaptive value of the behavior generated. The theory of Wilhelm von Humboldt concerning the role of the university is discussed, focusing on four imperatives regulating its activities--unity of research and teaching; the empirical sciences; science and socialization; and science and universal enlightenment.
The current status of the university is assessed in relation to these ideals. Groundwater can play an important role in lake water and chemical budgets. The spatial distribution of Rn activities max. There were significant positive correlations between methane and nitrite with Rn activity, suggesting the groundwater as a common source.
Overall the inflow of groundwater causes a deterioration in lake water quality. Contends that education was an important instrument of social change during the French Revolution. Argues that education became a way to speed up social modernization and, at the same time, hide the contradictions of modernization.
The Uniform National Discharge Standards homepage links to a description of the EPA's rulemaking process and provides information to the public on outreach efforts and answers some frequently asked questions. The Epstein-Barr Virus EBV is the only infectious agent for which a close association with human malignant tumors has been clearly demonstrated. These tumors are one type of nasopharyngeal carcinoma which is frequent in parts of East Asia and the Burkitt lymphoma which predominantly occurs in parts of Africa and New Guinea.
Nonetheless, the EBV is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis IM , a benign, self-limiting lymphoproliferative disease of adolescents. The major difference between the countries in which the EBV-induced tumors occur and those in which IM occurs is the late primary EBV infection in the latter, whereas primary infection with EBV occurs in the first year of life in the former. All theories of viral carcinogenesis have to explain the long latency period between primary infection and tumor growth and how an ubiquitous virus may be oncogenic.
Thus, invariably, one has to assume a role of cofactors, which may be of cytogenetic nature or may be represented by additional infections or by chemical agents. Since most modern theories of carcinogenesis consider a multi-step development of tumors, the theory that infection with an ubiquitous virus at the right time of life represents one step to carcinogenesis seems to be tenable.
Hydrogeologische Erkundung von Grundwasser in der ariden und vulkanisch aufgebauten Westkordillere Boliviens. An area of km2 in the arid western cordillera of Bolivia was geologically and hydro-geologically surveyed for the purpose of determining locations for borehole drilling in the framework of groundwater reconnaissance. Vertical geoelectrical resistivity soundings were applied to identify areas at depth in which aquifers with a sufficient thickness of fresh groundwater can be expected.
A chemical and isotopic inventory of the regionally occurring groundwater revealed the presence of meteorically-recharged fresh and thermal waters as well as highly mineralized waters from fumaroles and a deep reservoir. Due to their chemical and isotopic composition, the latter group shows influences of juvenile water. Carbon fourteen dating performed on the fresh and thermal waters indicates that they were recharged during the last pluvial phase, about 10, years ago. Extremely low contents of tritium of about 0.
Potenziale und Herausforderungen. Successful integration is possible if participation in working life can be realized. This requires a focussed qualification of refugees and the support of companies and educational institutions through appropriate funding programs. The long duration of language acquisition prior to entry into employment is only one problem that can be solved by training-on-the-job measures. With the booming oil industry in the 70s in the Gulf, numerous job opportunities were created at that time.
This started the massive migration of Filipino workers to the Gulf States as well as the support of labour migration by the Philippine government. In the meantime, highly qualified workers and professionals from the Philippines are to be found in almost every country and are in demand in numerous fields. The coordination and support of the Philippine labour migration has been steadily improving since the s and evolved into a successful system that supports the economy and reduces unemployment.
For the employing host countries, the Philippines have long become an indispensable source of labour. Principles and objectives of effective teaching and practice in discerning peace work are focussed upon against a background of disturbing and menacing influences both within and between nations, increasingly threatening existence itself. Endeavours to achieve reform capable of changing society should be marked by the development and realisation of a repugnance of violence, civil disobedience and social sensitivity, and demonstrated in action and by specific measures by the general public.
This supersedes by far the traditional set-up of peace education so called in educational institutions and areas of social work up to the present time. Christoph Rothmann and Copernicanism. German Title: Christoph Rothmann und der Copernicanismus. Christoph Rothmann belonged to the first convinced adherents of heliocentric cosmology. Rothmann also vehemently defended his concepts in a letter to Tycho Brahe dating from September, , in which he rejected both the old geocentric and Brahe's geoheliocentric system.
The estimation of groundwater recharge in water-limited environments is challenging due to climatic conditions, the occurrence of deep unsaturated zones, and specialized vegetation. We critically examined two methods based on stable isotopes of soil water: i the interpretation of natural isotope depth-profiles and subsequent approximation of recharge using empirical relationships and ii the use of deuterium-enriched water 2H2O as tracer.
Numerous depth-profiles were measured directly in the field in semiarid Namibia using a novel in-situ technique. Additionally, 2H2O was injected into the soil and its displacement over a complete rainy season monitored. The results of this study fortify the suitability of water stable isotope-based approaches for recharge estimation and highlight enormous potential for future studies of water vapor transport and ecohydrological processes. If you cannot remove the corrosion with metal wool or if there is visible pitting in the base metal, we define it as heavy corrosion.
Cartoon figures of soil profiles with faces, legs, arms and funny names: the Scottish soil characters Rusty Cambisol , Heather Podzol , Pete Histosol and five others were developed at the James Hutton Institute in Aberdeen for outreach activities. They represent eight soil types that are common in Scotland.
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Recently they have become movie stars in an animated film, where they speak with a Scottish accent. The Scottish soil characters are a true soil science communication success story and it would be great if they had friends in many places to tell some stories from the underground in the respective native languages.
This contribution will introduce the draft for 13 German-speaking soil characters that represent the most common soil types in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Each name is a play on words with respect to German soil classification terms and serves as a mnemonic for typical characteristics of these soils. The 'hair' shows detailed vegetation and the context with common land use. For non-soil scientists the soil characters can be used as story-tellers, e. Because the International Year of Soil is an excellent opportunity for new outreach activities, the aim is to publish the German-speaking soil characters as a collaboration of the Austrian, German and Swiss Soil Science Societies.
The soil characters could be used in print or online formats, and even - as can be seen in Aberdeen - as human-sized walking soil profiles. The behavior of the periods of the tree stars from to is described here. It examines the effect of gender affiliation on the development of talent. The cardinal focus is put on the questions of how gender roles influence the lives of gifted children and adolescents as well as what kinds of coping strategies they use to manage these challenges.
Based on the thesis stating that the present assimilation of gender roles displays a new challenge of social pressure girls and boys deal with in different ways, the hitherto accessible research findings are discussed in respect of the current state of knowledge. As a result, the existence of the gender gap can be reaffirmed and linked to distinct danger zones for boys and girls. The way into underachievement can be one strategy to get rid of this social pressure. As a result, there has been a gradual devaluation of universal values, which is examined by comparing educational programmes for culture minorities in the USA, Australia, and the Federal Republic of Germany.
The underlying cross-cultural dilemma is manifested in some desired and undesired effects of preserving identity and encouraging integration. On the one hand, promoting educational opportunities for cultural minorities contributes towards safe-guarding endangered cultural identities but also towards cultural segregation. On the other hand, not to adopt such promotional measures may facilitate social integration but only at the price of equality of opportunity. As ways out of the dilemma, two strategies of intercultural education are discussed which, although they are orientated towards cosmopolitical identities, are at the same time attractive to majorities and minorities in different ways.
Sentence perspective is determined by communicative function. In English this especially involves word order and the subject, the passive voice, and intonation. Intonation in particular needs more attention in FL teaching and in the training of FL teachers. The Sturm und Drang of anabolic steroid use: angst, anxiety, and aggression. Anabolic androgenic steroids AAS are illicitly administered to enhance athletic performance and body image. Although conferring positive actions on performance, steroid abuse is associated with changes in anxiety and aggression. AAS users are often keenly invested in understanding the biological actions of these drugs.
Thus, mechanistic information on AAS actions is important not only for the biomedical community, but also for steroid users. Here we review findings from animal studies on the impact of AAS exposure on neural systems that are crucial for the production of anxiety and aggression, and compare the effects of the different classes of AAS and their potential signaling mechanisms, as well as context-, age- and sex-dependent aspects of their actions.
Instructional Development Report. Characteristics of outstanding faculty are considered, based on descriptions provided by 46 University of North Dakota students who were nominated for the university's Outstanding Teacher Awards. Based on descriptions in the students' own words, separate characteristics were identified, and categorized as follows: teacher-student….
In this analysis a study of the longitudinal and transverse momentum distributions of charged final state hadrons produced in muon-deuterium-interactions is performed. The data are discussed in the framework of the quark parton model and quantum chromodynamics. Subsequently the data are confronted with predictions from the Lund model. The data agree well with a QCD based parton model picture.
Darstellung und Wege zu ihrem Abbau. This consideration shows that such children are poorly prepared to follow the conventional lessons because of their sociocultural contents. In addition, it demonstrates that German children get to know nearly nothing about the cultural background of the migrant children in their class. Both groups of children remain foreign to each other.
Such a situation may give rise to discrimination. The article continues by examining various problems of such different subjects of instruction as, e. Proposals are made as to how the situation may be improved already by simple modifications of current habitudes of education. Knowledge of each other's cultural background will not only avoid subsequent discrimination, but will also lead to more tolerance which is an important factor in a multicultural society. This document provides a computer-based concordance of the vocabulary used in Friedrich von Schiller's "Aesthetic and Philosophical Writings" as they appear in Volumes 20 and 21 of Schiller's "Werke," edition, edited by Benno von Wiese.
The first section includes the entire text, each sentence numbered for research…. The authors describe lessons learned from a limited-duration experiential learning component of a Master's level course. The course is open to Master's in Business and Master's in Public Administration students and explores the relationships between government and business. A complete discussion of the Master's in Business and Master's in Public….
Die Bilder der populaeren Astronomie des Today, popularisation of science also means "pretty pictures": images that accompany articles in magazines and webpages, or are squeezed between the covers of so-called coffee-table books, and the reviewer pleads guilty to having added to this growing pile. But how did this "disease" came into existence? Susanne Utzt, a manager, journalist and student in the history of sciences, has dedicated her master thesis to the investigation of the growing influence of such pictures in the popularisation of astronomy. She has analyzed French and German popular texts by Arago, Guillemin, Flammarion, as well as Littrow, Maedler and Max Wilhelm Meyer that mainly appeared in the second half of the 19th century.
Earlier astronomy books just had a few foldout pages with mathematical figures, as the author exemplifies by Littrow's first edition of "Die Wunder des Himmels" of But Flammarion with his "Astronomie Populaire", changed everything: 51 "art pages" and more than figures in the text made it a true picture book, and about a third of Utzt's work is dedicated to its analysis.
In passing, it should be noted that the first edition of Flammarion's book did not yet contain the "art pages"; the author quotes such pages and text figures according to a German edition of Besides sober diagrams illustrating the solar system, and telescope drawings showing planetary surfaces and the structure of the solar photosphere, Flammarion includes poetic illustrations like a couple at the seashore at sunset; a scene showing dying Copernicus, already flanked by two angels, as he receives a copy of his De Revolutionibus; or a painting showing a flock of mammoths in an ancient landscape.
In most cases, the images are chosen to illustrate the text, but sometimes the text "makes a detour" to permit the inclusion of a pretty picture. Flammarion's book contains drawings illustrating the sphericity of the earth, which appeared in almost identical form in Apian's Cosmography of , and it includes images that became only a reality after space travel to the planets of the solar system became possible: thus Flammarion's images probe the past and the future, they cover a time interval of about years! I think that there is a direct route from Flammarion's images "Jupiter, as seen from one of its moons" or "The rings of Saturn, as seen from Saturn", to the space art of Chesley Bonestell, as it appeared in the early s in the book "The Conquest of Space" by Willy Ley, as well as in popular journals.
Besides national prestige to be superior in rocketry and space travel, it was the fantasy and enthusiasm of the general public, as spurred by paintings like those of Bonestell, that made the space missions and the planetary exploration of the last decades possible. In , a certain Father Schlosser expressed his fear that the flood of images would lead to a loss of fantasy, to sensationalism and superficiality. In modern society, illustrated newspapers, magazines and television may really have caused such a scientific analphabetism and superficial knowledge in wide circles.
On the other hand, Wilhelm Foerster expressed the hope that the layman can be stimulated by sensual pleasures in his pursuit of insight, and even to a collaboration in science, and his hope was also fulfilled: nowadays, more hobby and professional scientists are active than in past times; "hobby science", if done in a professional way, can form a valuable supplement to astronomical science; and honestly, how many present-day astronomers have arrived at their profession by watching astronomical TV programs, reading science fiction novels, or illustrated astronomy books that they once received as a gift?
Utzt states that knowledge is generated and transmitted more and more by images, and propagated to the public by means of visualisations. Thus, a critical investigation of the influence of such images is needed, and the historical knowledge of the practice of visualisations in science and popularisation can form a basis for such a study.
The somewhat slim volume of this series is embellished with 35 illustrations. It offers interesting insights in the development of illustrations in popular scientific books, their use, and also sometimes their failure. Author:-Fisch, Jen. Where Does it Hurt?. My Stroke of Insight. Doctor You: Revealing the science of self-healing. By Louise L. Hay NEW. This is a book that people credit with profoundly altering their awareness of the impact that the mind has on our health and well-being. I llustrations by Ryo Takemasa. Enhance your lifestyle and enrich your mind by looking at life. With a perfect blend of Louise's teachings and affirmations on personal growth and transformation and David Kessler's many years of working with those in grief, this remarkable book will inspire an extraordinary new way of thinking, bringing profound love and joy into your life.
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This is a 73 year old hardback with a linen cover no dustjacket. And that, most importantly, if your daily schedule is out of sync with your circadian rhythms, you can fix it! The Circadian Code. Circadian rhythms are biological processes or clocks that exist in each one of our cells. Whether you are an active sports enthusiast or a sedentary office worker,BMA Bad Back Book will help you stay fit, healthy, and pain free.
Author: DK. Only 1 left. Author: Scott Gerson. Item Condition: Used; Acceptable. This date is supplied from the publishers data and can be inaccurate. By Christiane Northrup, M. The Low-Carb Diabetes Cookbook. You can reverse pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes when you change how you eat. The recipes also help manage type 1 diabetes more effectively. A fully illustrated guide to achieving deep, natural, clean sleep from leading sleep expert, Dr Nerina Ramlakhan. The Little Book of Sleep is a beautifully colour-illustrated guide to achieving deep, natural, clean sleep.
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